08/11/2012

News: Syria's historical fight against Turkey

Fighters against Ottoman Empire in Syria,.1916..jpg

History

Formed around 2500 BC, the Syrian civilization is one of the most ancient on earth, and is strategically placed along the eastern edges of the Mediterranean Sea at the doorway to Asia and the Middle East.

Damascus, the capital, historically called the Fragrant City, is believed to be the oldest continuously inhabited city on the planet, and to this day remains one of the most important cultural and political centers in the Arab world.

For endless centuries Syria was fought over and subsequently controlled by varied factions, including the Egyptian, Roman and Ottoman empires.

The Syrian economy struggled under Ottoman rule, and any attempts at rebuilding were destroyed by the Mongols.

After World War I ended, the Ottoman Turks were finally driven out, and the French influence began.

The French administered and exercised control of Syria until it finally gained its independence in 1946.

In the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, Syria lost the Golan Heights to Israel, and since then, both countries have occasionally discussed its return to Syria.

Photo: Fighters against Ottoman Empire in Syria, 1916.