Latest News Syrian government


PM: Government Serious in Inviting All Powers to Dialogue

Feb 26, 2013

Prime Minister Wael al-Halqi affirmed the important role of national economic activities in supporting the national economy and development as well as backing Syria struggle in the face of difficulties and challenges to which it is exposed.

The Ministerial committee charged with preparing for launching the national dialogue, headed by al-Halqi, met on Monday with Ghassan al-Qalaa, chairman of the Union for Chambers of Commerce and a number of businessmen and industrialists.

During the meeting, Prime Minister briefed businessmen with the administrative procedures and security and judicial guarantees given to the internal opposition and abroad if they participate in dialogue as well as inviting the displaced outside Syria to return home after providing them with requirements of good life.

He called on the businessmen who were forced to leave Syria to return and contribute to acts of restoration and construction.

Chairman of the Chambers of Commerce, representatives of the Chambers of Commerce and industry stressed the need for boosting and building confidence among all partiers to make the dialogue process a success and provide true guarantees for that purpose.

They called for consolidating the law authority, guaranteeing public freedoms, and the freedom of expression and opinion, putting an end to negative and illegal practices as well as consolidating the culture of citizenship.

Al-Halqi, members of the Ministerial committee affirmed that dialogue is the best choice to come out of the crisis, adding that the government is serious in inviting all social and political powers, including opposition abroad and the armed groups to take part in the dialogue process.

Following the meeting, Bashar al-Nouri, Member of Damascus Chamber of Commerce stressed the importance of building confidence between the Syrian businessmen who left the country and the government, facilitate their back home and provide them with the guarantees for this purpose.

He pointed out to the necessity of intensifying efforts to stop violence and come out of the crisis.



Syria: Export Development


Director General of Export Development and Promotion Agency Affirms Continuing Support for Exporters

Feb 26, 2013

Director General of the Export Development and Promotion Agency Ihab Esmandar affirmed that the Agency will continue to provide direct and indirect support for Syrian exports, and that the Agency's work hasn't changed radically although its strategies have been amended to suit the current situation and the sanctions imposed on Syria.

In a statement to SANA on Tuesday, Esmandar said that the Agency is currently focusing on organizing expos abroad and participating in international expos in order to promote Syrian exports, in addition to organizing meetings between Syrian businessmen and their counterparts abroad.

He said that the Agency studied many products and markets in 2012 in order to develop Syrian exports, in addition to holding training courses on exports and focusing on bosoting cooperation with relevant authorities.

Esmandar said that the Agency plans to support Syria's participation in 58 different expos according to available resources.

He reviewed steps taken to implement a system for exports in Syria, which include establishing new agencies and establishments, implementing legal frameworks, and opening Agency offices in various areas.

Esmandar pointed out that so far, the Agency has provided SYP 600 million in direct export aid since it was established, apart from the indirect support such as courses, studies and organizing fairs.

H. Sabbagh


Latest News of Syrian Cabinet


Cabinet Amends Decrees on Industrial Cities

Feb 26, 2013

In a session chaired by Prime Minister Dr. Wael al-Halqi on Tuesday, the Cabinet denounces the terrorist attacks which targeted al-Mazra'a and al-Qaboun areas in Damascus and other areas in Syria, resulting in the death of innocent civilians.

The Cabinet said that the escalation of the terrorists' attacks shows their fruistration over the success of the Armed Forces in repelling them and affirms the terrorists' responsibility for continuing violence and hindering efforts to resolve the crisis through peaceful and political means.

Deputy Prime Minister for Services Affairs, Minister of Local Administration Omar Ghalwanji briefed the Cabinet on the state of health, water, electricity, transport and communications services.

Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs, Minister of Internal Trade and Consumer Protection Dr. Qadri Jamil reviewed the current economic situation and the availability of essential goods, while Health Minister Dr. Saad al-Nayef reviewed the state of health services and the damage caused to the health sector by terrorism.

State Minister for National Reconciliation Affairs Dr. Ali Haidar briefed the Cabinet on the State Ministry's activities and meetings during the past week.

The Cabinet discussed the mechanisms of transporting petroleum products and decided to form a committee to study the costs of transporting fuel and amending its fees.

Afterwards, the Cabinet approved a bill on amending decrees no. 57 for 2004 and no. 26 for 2003 on industrial cities.

The Cabinet also approved a decision on forming committees to waive some dues for income taxpayers for facilities, shops and offices damaged due the current events, in addition to a decision on reforming the Higher Committee for Relief.

H. Sabbagh


Latest News Syria: terrorists eliminated by Armed Forces


Feb 26, 2013

Units of the Armed Forces destroyed on Tuesday several terrorist dens and gatherings during a series of qualitative operations in Homs countryside.

An official source told SANA reporter that the Armed Forces razed terrorist sites in Eastern al-Bweida, Aqrab, Taldaw, al-Saen and Talbiseh towns in Homs countryside and eliminated a number of terrorists and injured others.

Army Units Pursue Terrorist Groups in Damascus Countryside

Army units continued pursuing armed terrorist groups in Daraya and al-Nabek areas in Damascus countryside and killed and injured scores of terrorists and destroyed their weapons.

An official source told SANA reporter that a car loaded with weapons and ammunition was destroyed in Daraya city, in addition to eliminating a number of sniper terrorists, including Mohammad Ahmad al-Sayyed, Ahmad al-Khatib, Aghyad Aloush and Mohammad al-Zain.

The source added that an army unit clashed with an armed terrorist group and eliminated all its members, including the group leader in Darayya city.

Meanwhile, an army unit pursued an armed terrorist group in al-Nabek town and eliminated a number of its members, including Abdul-Razzaq al-Houri, Mohammad al-Durra and another terrorist called Yacoub, in addition to destroying a number of cars used by terrorists to transfer weapons and ammunition.

Units of the Armed Forces killed and wounded scores of terrorists who were riding a number of cars in al-Nabek and destroyed three tank trucks the terrorists were using to smuggle fuel outside the country.

Terrorists Target the Building of Educational TV with Mortar Shells

Terrorists targeted the building of educational TV, in Barzza neighborhood, with mortal shells, causing material damages to the building with no casualties.

A source at Damascus police command told SANA that 5 mortar shells launched by the terrorists fell onto the building of the educational TV, adding that the damages were limited to materials.

Terrorist Attack Truck Loaded with Hundreds of Gas Cylinders on Damascus-Homs Highway

An armed terrorist group attacked a truck loaded with hundreds of gas cylinders near al-Rahma Gas Station on Damascus-Homs highway.

an official source told SANA reporter that the terrorists fired at the truck and set it on fire, but no casualties were reported.

Armed Forces Eliminate Terrorists in Idleb Countryside

Units of the Armed Forces carried out a series of qualitative operations in Idleb countryside and eliminated scores of terrorists and destroyed their weapons.

an official source told SANA reporter that the Armed Forces inflicted heavy losses upon the terrorists in Ariha countryside and Jisr al-Shughour as tens of terrorists were killed and wounded.

in al-Nairab area, a number of terrorists were eliminated by the Armed Forces, including terrorist Ahmad al-Asad.

Earlier, the Armed Forces destroyed a weapons cache in Ihsem town in Idleb countryside.

Terrorists Killed While Planting Explosive Device in Deir Ezzor

A number of terrorists were killed and others were injured while they were planting an explosive device in a residential area in al-Keber area in Deir Ezzor countryside.

Among the dead terrorists are the leader of a terrorist group Jassem Mohammad al-Sultan, Abdelsattar Hilal, Fares al-Saleh and Hussein al-Sultan.

Army Units Repel Terrorist Attack in Dael

A military source said that Army units repelled attacks by armed terrorist who targeted military points in the town of Dael in Daraa countryside, killing or injuring most of the terrorists and destroying their equipment.

F.L / H.Said / H. Sabbagh


War on Syria: arms industry


From 1959 to 1967 West-Germany was a significant supplier of military equipment and arms to Israel.

In 2003 already, Germany was considered one of Israel’s closest defense allies and it sold  - for a symbolic fee – three advanced “Dolphin” nuclear-capable submarines to Israel. Germany utilized the Israeli-designed Spike Anti-Tank Missile. In the same year, Israel’s air force has held exercises with the United States and Turkey.

On November 8th, 2005, Germany confirmed that it had agreed to sell nearly 300 Leopard 2 tanks battle tanks to Turkey.

In 2008, it was revealed that Germany and Israel had been jointly developing a nuclear warning system, dubbed Operation Bluebird, in secret.

In early July 2011, Der Spiegel revealed that German Chancellor Angela Merkel and her cabinet approved the delivery of more than 200 of Leopard 2A7+ model tanks to Saudi Arabia.

On November 25, 2012, Turkey’s tank fleet was made up of American M-48s and M-60s, some of which have been modernized with Israeli cooperation into M-60 Sabra tanks, plus a large contingent of  German Leopard 1s and Leopard 2s. That was hardy surprising. America and Germany are Turkey’s 2 most important geopolitical relationships.

On December 4th 2012, NATO agreed to send Patriot missiles to Turkey.

On December 14th, 2012, German MPs of the lower house of parliament voted to approve the deployment of two Patriot missile batteries and 400 troops in Turkey along the Syrian border, Reuters reported.

Israeli drones (“Herons”) are repainted for several years in the colors of Germany and used by NATO for its war in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Some German pilots that are part of NATO operations in Afghanistan are in Israel for training on special reconnaissance drones. The drones are so ‘accurately’ adjusted that numerous citizens in Afghanistan and Pakistan are killed or  seriously injured.

Germany is Israel’s largest trading partner in Europe and Israel’s second most important trading partner after the United States. Israeli imports from Germany amount to some USD 2.3 billion annually, while Israel is Germany’s fourth largest trading partner in the North Africa/Middle East region.


Germany is once again a leader in the world arms industry

Israel’s arms industry is completely dependent on the co-operation of the EU and NATO

By buying Israeli weapons, Europe supports the Israeli military industry

Israel’s now one of top arms exporters

Israel Weapon Industries

Arms industry

Photo Gallery: Germany’s Booming Arms Industry



Latest News Syria: meetings with political parties and forces

Syria.Dialogue Subcommittees .jpg

Dialogue Subcommittees Continue Meetings in Several Provinces

Feb 23, 2013

Sweida subcommittee, which is tasked with setting the required mechanisms for inviting the national opposition and various political forces to dialogue, held on Saturday a consultative meeting with the educational sector workers in the province to discuss the form and content of the national dialogue conference in implementation of the political program to solve the crisis in Syria.

Governor of al-Sweida Province, Head of the subcommittee, Dr. Atef al-Naddaf, stressed that the committee will not rule out anyone from the consultative meetings.

He pointed out that the subcommittee held meetings with political parties and forces and religious activities and it received proposals that could contribute to enriching the national dialogue which will draw the future of renewed Syria.

The participants in the meeting stressed the necessity of experts and specialists' participation in the dialogue to serve the interests of Syria and preserve its sovereignty.

Idleb Subcommittee Continues Meetings

In Idleb, the sub-committee tasked with setting the required mechanisms for inviting the national opposition and various political forces to dialogue continued its meetings with youth and partisan sides as to discuss ways to overcome the crisis.

Idleb Governor, Safwan Abu Saadi, said that the dialogue gives opportunity for communication and interaction among the different sides, adding that the dialogue is aimed at building the modern Syria through pluralism and enhancing the national unity.

The participants stressed the need to communicate with all sides and pave the way for a successful dialogue, calling for boycotting the Turkish goods which were sent to Syria and were proved to be unfit for human use, particularly children food.

Homs Dialogue Subcommittee Meets Political, Social and Cultural Figures

In Homs Province, the subcommittee held a consultative meeting with a number of political parties and forces and social and cultural figures.

The meeting discussed means of reaching joint views on the form and content of the national dialogue to get out of the crisis in Syria.

Homs Governor, Head of Homs Subcommittee, Ahmad Munir Mohammad, stressed the importance of consultations with all activities to reach joint views on the national dialogue.

The Governor pointed out to the importance of economic activities and movements which are active on the ground in presenting proposals and solutions to overcome the current difficulties.

Participants in the meeting pointed out to the necessity of delivering aid to the people who deserve and speeding up rebuilding infrastructure and bringing home the displaced people.

Damascus Dialogue Subcommittee Holds Consultative Meeting with Teachers' Association and Women's Union

Damascus dialogue subcommittee discussed with the Teachers' Association and Women's Union in Damascus the role of popular organizations and professional syndicates in presenting the views of official and popular bodies to launch comprehensive national dialogue.

Governor of Damascus, Head of the Subcommittee, Bishr al-Sabban, stressed that there is no limit to proposals as long as they adhere to the national principles and sovereignty, pointing out that the submitted work papers are considered the basis for the comprehensive national dialogue.

Damascus dialogue subcommittee is meeting official and popular bodies for two months to present proposals for comprehensive national solution to the crisis through dialogue.

M. Nassr/ F.L/H.Said


Syria: Common offensive of NATO, US, Israel and ‘Free Syrian Army’


NATO, US, Israel and the self-proclaimed Free Syrian Army called as the “sole legitimate representative of the Syrian people” by the French neo-colonial leaders:

29.1.2013 – NATO crisis management center opens in Bulgaria
30.1.2013 – Israeli Airstrike in Syria Targets Arms Convoy, U.S. Says
18.2.13 – Thomas E. Donilon, U.S. National Security Adviser: ‘EU must include Hezbollah in terrorist list. Europe can no longer ignore the threat that this group poses to the Continent and to the world.’
19.2.2013 – Bulgaria Presses Europeans to Toughen Stance on Hezbollah
21.2.2013 – Peres urges EU to put Hezbollah on terror list
21.2.2013 – William Hague discusses Hezbollah with Lebanese president
21.2.2013 – Syrian rebels to Hezbollah: ‘Stop fighting for Assad or be eliminated from Lebanon’
The Free Syrian Army gives Hezbollah 48-hour deadline to stop shelling ‘Syrian lands, villages and civilians from inside the Lebanese territories’, according to statement posted on Facebook and carried by various media outlets.
Hezbollah was on high alert Thursday after Syrian rebels warned that they would “eliminate it from inside the Lebanese lands” unless it stops fighting for President Bashar Assad’s forces, giving the militant group a 48-hour deadline to accede to this demand.
By Haaretz and Reuters
21.2.2013 – Fifty-Three Civilians Martyred, 235 Others Injured so far in Terrorist Bombing in al-Thawra Street in Damascus
22.2.2013 – Syria militants attack Hezbollah positions in Lebanon: FSA
The armed militant groups in Syria say they have started to attack the positions of Hezbollah resistance movement in neighboring Lebanon since February 21…
The self-proclaimed Free Syrian Army said its militants launched the attack less than a day after they accused Hezbollah of shelling militant bases in Syria’s Homs province on February 20.
“We have bombed the territories of Hezbollah in Lebanon and Syria. The Free Syrian Army will continue bombing these positions,” Hisam al-Avvak, a commander of the armed group, told Turkey’s Anatolia News Agency on Thursday.
The assaults took place while the militants had given Hezbollah 48 hours to halt the alleged shelling, threatening to attack after two days.
However, the Lebanese movement has rejected the accusations.
He also reiterated threats that the militants would target Hezbollah strongholds located south of the Lebanese capital, Beirut.
On February 18, Syria’s Ambassador to Lebanon Ali Abdul Karim Ali said Hezbollah was not assisting the Syrian army in the fight against foreign-backed militants.
A recent UN report revealed that militants from nearly 30 countries have infiltrated into Syria to fight against the Syrian government.

La pensée coloniale sur la Palestine


De Balfour à Obama : La pensée coloniale sur la Palestine

9 novembre 2011

La phrase "Mandat britannique de Palestine" est un lieu commun, dans le discours occidental et sioniste sur la Palestine, présupposé inoffensif et méritant à peine qu'on y réfléchisse à deux fois. Une recherche rapide sur l'internet de ces termes en apparence anodins révèle quelques deux millions de résultats de qualité et utilité extrêmement variées. Il n'y eut cependant rien qui soit un "Mandat britannique" de Palestine ; ce fut et reste une construction coloniale purement européenne/occidentale, une abstraction aux conséquences réelles et désastreuses. En réalité, le peuple palestinien n'a jamais consenti à être occupé par les colonialistes britanniques, pas plus qu'il n'a jamais accepté que sa terre ancestrale soit partagée et donnée à d'autres européens, ni n'a jamais demandé à être "civilisé" par un gouvernement impérialiste qui était complètement ignorant de sa langue, de sa culture et de son histoire. On pourrait dire la même chose du "Mandat français" en Syrie et au Liban, ou du "Mandat britannique" en Irak.

Le terme "Mandat britannique" a pourtant bien eu son utilité. Il a permis aux historiens et aux partisans du colonialisme de croire que la Palestine était en quelque sorte destinée à la partition, ce qui la rendait "légale" et donc sacrée. Vous voyez, mandat a été donné à la Grande-Bretagne par la Société des Nations en 1922 et ainsi, la Grande-Bretagne, la plus grande nation sur terre, le modèle des Lumières occidentales et de la pensée progressiste, a été obligée de mener sa mission - et ainsi va l'argument. Et le peuple indigène de Palestine ? Comme résumé par Lord Balfour en 1917, ses aspirations, ses droits et son existence même avaient peu ou pas d'importance : "Le sionisme, qu'il ait raison ou tort, qu'il soit bon ou mauvais, est enraciné dans les traditions séculaires, dans les besoins actuels, dans les espoirs pour l'avenir, d'une importance bien plus grande que les souhaits ou les regrets de 700.000 arabes qui habitent actuellement cet antique pays."


Photo: Soldats britanniques contre population palestinienne pendant la Grande Révolte arabe de 1936-1939


Cisjordanie: près de 100 blessés, trois détenus palestiniens hospitalisés

22.2.13.Cisjordanie.près de 100 blessés.jpg

22 février 2013

Une centaine de Palestiniens ont été blessés vendredi en Cisjordanie dans des heurts avec les forces israéliennes alors qu'ils manifestaient en solidarité avec quatre des leurs en grève de la faim détenus par Israël, dont trois ont été hospitalisés.

Au total, 94 Palestiniens ont été blessés, dont deux grièvement par balles réelles, par les forces israéliennes. Quarante-neuf ont notamment été blessés devant la prison militaire d'Ofer, près de Ramallah, a indiqué à l'AFP le porte-parole du Croissant-Rouge palestinien, Mohammad Ayyad.


Victims of american ‘liberation’


Colonial war Syria: Army Continues Special Operations against Terrorists


The Army Continues Special Operations against Terrorists

Feb 23, 2013

Units of the Armed Forces on Saturday inflicted heavy losses upon terrorist groups in a series of operations targeting their dens in Douma FARMS, Harasta, Zamalka and Erbin in Damascus Countryside.

SANA reporter quoted an official source in the province as saying that a terrorists' den was destroyed in the farms between Douma and Harasta with all the ammunition and weapons inside.

A number of terrorists were killed in the operation, while others were injured, added the source, noting that among the dead were terrorists Bilal Ghbeis, Mohammad al-Talla, Mohamad Arafeh and Mohammad al-Habboul, leader of an armed terrorist group.

Army units also targeted gatherings of terrorists in Zamalka and Erbin, destroying their vehicles which they used in their movement and transfer of weapons.

The operations resulted in killing a number of terrorists among whom Ahmad Hjeiko, Qarhaman Mashel and Omar Abdul-Rahman were identified.

Terrorists Targeted in Special Operations in Idleb

A unit of the armed forces carried out several accurate, special operations, destroying dens and hideouts of terrorists in Idleb countryside.

SANA reporter quoted a source in the province as saying that the army unit confronted the armed terrorist groups in the surroundings of Wadi al-Daif and other towns, inflicting heavy losses upon the terrorists and destroying their vehicles.

The source added that another army unit targeted gatherings of terrorists who were blocking roads, attacking citizens and looting private and public properties on Sarakeb-Idleb highway and Sarmin, killing a number of them and wounding many others.

A second army unit targeted hideouts of terrorists in al-Nairab, Khan al-Subul and Banesh, inflicting heavy losses upon them.

Army units Kill Terrorists in Homs Countryside

Units of the armed forces today carried out several qualitative operations against armed terrorist groups in al-Rastan, al-Zaafaran, Akrab, Tal Dahab and al-Houleh in Homs countryside.

A military source in Homs told SANA reporter that the operations led to the killing of many terrorists, among them Abdullah al-Hussein, Shamel al-Ahmad, Shuaib al-Qasem, Ridwan Snu, Naser Azouz in addition to destroying a mortar and two vehicles equipped with heavy machineguns.

Other army units destroyed seven missiles, a mortar, two missiles' launching-pads in Akrab, killing a number of terrorists. Malik al-Kurdi, Rashid Kokag, Abdul-Kareem Saad al-Din, Obeida al-Qatebi who was expert in bombing cars, were identified among the killed terrorists.

Mazen /H. Said



As a reminder: Obama signed a secret order authorizing U.S. support for Syrian terrorists seeking to depose Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his government. Obama’s order, approved earlier this year and known as an intelligence “finding,” broadly permits the CIA and other U.S. agencies to provide support that could help the terrorists oust Assad. C.I.A. officers are operating secretly in southern Turkey. The weapons, including automatic rifles, rocket-propelled grenades, ammunition and some antitank weapons, are being funneled mostly across the Turkish border by way of a shadowy network of intermediaries including Syria’s Muslim Brotherhood and paid for by Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The United States is setting up joint military, intelligence and medical working teams with Israel, Turkey and Jordan.


Obama's secret order: 53 Syrian citizens killed















Obama signed a secret order authorizing U.S. support for Syrian terrorists seeking to depose Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his government. Obama’s order, approved earlier this year and known as an intelligence “finding,” broadly permits the CIA and other U.S. agencies to provide support that could help the terrorists oust Assad. C.I.A. officers are operating secretly in southern Turkey. The weapons, including automatic rifles, rocket-propelled grenades, ammunition and some antitank weapons, are being funneled mostly across the Turkish border by way of a shadowy network of intermediaries including Syria’s Muslim Brotherhood and paid for by Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The United States is setting up joint military, intelligence and medical working teams with Israel, Turkey and Jordan.

Latest News Syria: Israel enters the war on Syria

terrorist.bombing.Damascus1Car bomb explosion rocks Syrian capital

20.12.2004 - Hezbollah: Not Just Israel's Problem http://www.ideasinactiontv.com/tcs_daily/2004/12/hezbolla...

13.6.2006 - Sherman: Israeli Reaction a Justified Response to Repeated Hezbollah Provocations

26.7.2006 - Hezbollah, Israel, and the lessons of 1982

26.9.2006 - US Says Hezbollah Still Strong After War With Israel

21.4.2011 - Secretary Clinton Meets With Dutch Foreign Minister Rosenthal
Secretary Clinton Meets With Dutch Foreign Minister Rosenthal

8.10.2012 - Dutch Foreign Minister Rosenthal, a Dutchman’s Vendetta Against Hezbollah

14.10.2012 - Report in 'Sunday Times' says UAV struck down over Negev beamed images of IDF preparation for joint US exercise.

18.12.2012 - Bulgaria asks for permanent US troops presence

29.1.2013 - NATO crisis management center opens in Bulgaria

30.1.2013 - Israeli Airstrike in Syria Targets Arms Convoy, U.S. Says

16.2.2013 - Hezbollah warns Israel not to count on weaker Syria

18.2.13 - Thomas E. Donilon, U.S. National Security Adviser: 'EU must include Hezbollah in terrorist list. Europe can no longer ignore the threat that this group poses to the Continent and to the world.'

18.2.2013 - Israel and Syria: Behind the Bombs

18.2.2013 - Israel enters the 'civil war' in Syria

19.2.2013 - Bulgaria Presses Europeans to Toughen Stance on Hezbollah

19.2.2013 - Hezbollah, Syria and the Golan Heights, Jerusalem Post

21.2.2013 - Dichter Slams EU Delay in Blacklisting Hezbollah

21.2.2013 - Peres urges EU to put Hezbollah on terror list

21.2.2013 - Latest News Syria: US backed terrorists threaten Hezbollah

21.2.2013 - Israel Presses EU to Place Hezbollah on Terror List

21.2.2013 - 2 hours ago - William Hague discusses Hezbollah with Lebanese president

(The first 4O pages of the search results for 'United States Israel Hezbollah' on Google always repeat that Hezbollah should be seen as a 'terrorist organization'. It is on this way that the news about the war on Syria is manipulated by the western media)

Photo: US-backed terrorist-attack in Syria (21.2.2013)


American 'Peace Process'

Obama signed a secret order authorizing U.S. support for Syrian terrorists seeking to depose Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his government. Obama’s order, approved earlier this year and known as an intelligence “finding,” broadly permits the CIA and other U.S. agencies to provide support that could help the terrorists oust Assad. C.I.A. officers are operating secretly in southern Turkey. The weapons, including automatic rifles, rocket-propelled grenades, ammunition and some antitank weapons, are being funneled mostly across the Turkish border by way of a shadowy network of intermediaries including Syria’s Muslim Brotherhood and paid for by Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The United States is setting up joint military, intelligence and medical working teams with Israel, Turkey and Jordan.

Obama's secret order authorizing U.S. support for Syrian terrorists


Fifty-Three Civilians Martyred, 235 Others Injured so far in Terrorist Bombing in al-Thawra Street in Damascus  

Feb 21, 2013

Fifty-three civilians were martyred and 235 others were injured so far in a terrorist bombing which took place on Thursday morning in al-Thawra Street in the surrounding of al-Mazraa neighborhood in Damascus.

In a statement, the Ministry of Health pointed out that 53 martyrs and 235 wounded people were admitted to the public and private hospitals, noting that these numbers may increase due to the critical conditions of some injured people.

Health Minister, Dr. Saad al-Nayef, told reporters during a tour in Damascus Hospital that the terrorist bombing reflects the criminal nature of its perpetrators, adding that the Ministry is exerting all efforts to offer medical services to the injured people.

The injured people roundly denounced this terrorist bombing, noting that the perpetrators aim to destabilize Syria through killing innocent women, children and old men.

SANA reporter said that the bombing, which took place in a densely populated area near a crossroad of main streets, killed and injured a large number of civilians, including children.

He added that huge material damage was caused to the houses of citizens in the area surrounding the bombing in addition to a huge fire in a large number of cars, noting that the victims are mostly passersby, school students and people driving their cars.

SANA reporter pointed out that the blast also caused huge damage to al-Hayat Hospital and Abdullah Bin al-Zubir school in the area as well as to the minibuses in a bus station nearby.

Sources at the Red Crescent and Damascus Hospitals said the bodies of tens of martyrs and injured people were admitted to the hospitals.

Car Loaded with Explosives Seized in the Bombing Site

In the same context, SANA reporter mentioned that the authorities seized a car loaded with cylinder-shaped bath water heaters filled with explosives in the site of the bombing in al-Thawra Street.

The suicide terrorist who was driving the car was arrested, the reporter noted.



Who's reponsible for the terrorist bombings in Syria ?


1) Obama signed a secret order authorizing U.S. support for Syrian terrorists seeking to depose Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his government.  Obama’s order, approved earlier this year and known as an intelligence “finding,” broadly permits the CIA and other U.S. agencies to provide support that could help the terrorists oust Assad.  C.I.A. officers are operating secretly in southern Turkey. The weapons, including automatic rifles, rocket-propelled grenades, ammunition and some antitank weapons, are being funneled mostly across the Turkish border by way of a shadowy network of intermediaries including Syria’s Muslim Brotherhood and paid for by Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The United States is setting up joint military, intelligence and medical working teams with Israel, Turkey and Jordan.

2) British Foreign Secretary William Hague said Britain would step up its support for the armed groups in Syria, providing them with an additional £5 million (US$7.8 million). The money is used for terrorist bomb attacks and the undermining ofSyria's government.

3) An official source told a SANA reporter that the seized arms included Nato sniper rifles, machineguns, hunting rifles, explosive devices of various weights, devices for remote control detonation and an amount of batteries and electrical wires.

4) The Belgian State Security "has not confirmed" the rumor that Belgian jihadists are fighting in Syria. The newspapers 'Het Belang van Limburg' and 'Gazet van Antwerpen' argued the opposite: "The State Security confirmed the presence of Belgian terrorists in Syria".  Originally the Flemish newspapers relied on a report by Reuters, dated July 31th 2012, citing statements from "several rebel commanders in the north-west Syria," according to which "Muslims in Great Britain, Belgium and the United States had joined the Free Syrian Army (SLA)". On July 13th, Reuters pointed out a flood "of thousands of assault rifles Belgian FN FAL was in the hands of the rebels".  In its annual reports, the Belgian State Security explains how and why she follows people attracted by fighting abroad: there was attention for Iraq, then, from 2010, to the movement towards Pakistan-Afghanistan border area; Finally, most recently, to new locations: "If the Afghan-Pakistan area, more than Iraq, was still popular in 2010 with the majority of volunteers for jihad", the Belgian State Security wrote in his latest report, "some of them began to plot their way to Yemen, Somalia and the Caucasus". And Syria now? "Obviously. Where they are beaten, those who return and who actually participated in the fighting have gained knowledge on how to handle weapons, strategy and tactics of war," noted the Belgian State Security yesterday. "This is the central reason for the Belgian concern".  Belgian Senator Nele Lijnen said that she intends to launch a discussion at the Belgian Senate regarding the fact that the terrorists in Syria possess weapons made in Belgium.

5) The Swiss Authorities announced that they are investigating into information published by Sonntags Zeitung newspaper about hand grenades used by armed terrorist groups in Syria.

6) The weapons and military equipment recently discovered and seized by the Syrian Army in Idlib province proves NATO's arms and logistic support for terrorists in Syria.

7) The seized weapons in Salqain district in Idlib included 7.26 guns along with other weapons as well as boxes of gunshots with the words "NATO BALL" carved on them.

8) The Lebanese army intelligence has seized a large quantity of wea Lutfallah II container pons hidden inside cars aboard an Italian ship at Tripoli port, north of Lebanon, Lebanese security sources told Al-Manar TV.

9) This comes just days after the Lebanese Army Marines confiscated Lutfallah II arms shipment off the Lebanese port of Batoun while it was carrying 300,000 pounds of weapons within three containers. Reports said the cargo ship, which was flying the flag of Sierra-Leone, had left Libya and was bound to Syria.

10) Lebanese terrorist Mohammad Hussein Fares confessed to participating in smuggling weapons, militants and journalists into Syria and committing terrorists acts against Syrians. Fares said that they smuggled assault rifles, RPG rounds, sniper rifles, LAW missiles, machineguns and cases of ammo, delivering them to Amoun, with al-Jarban coming later to distribute them among terrorists.

11) US, Qatar and Saudi Arabia are arming AL-QAEDA Terrorists to commitTerrorism in Syria

12) Over 30,000 various weapons have been channelled to Syria since unrest flared up there in April last year, Amin Khteit says. The overall amount of explosives makes up 300 tons. The deliveries were made by Qatar and Saudi Arabia. They depend on the United States, which is making every effort to overpower Syria.

13) The authorities seized weapons smuggled from Turkey in Tal Abyad area on the Syrian-Turkish borders in Raqqa countryside.

14) A Turkish parliamentarian has stressed that Turkish ambulances are transporting weapons to terrorist groups in Syria, expressing their opposition to Ankara's policies on the Syrian case.

15) News item - August 9, 2012: Sarkozy urges Libyan scenario in Syria. Former French president Nicolas Sarkozy, the spearhead of last year’s campaign to oust Muammar Gaddafi, has called for rapid international action on Syria, comparing the current crisis with the situation in Libya. Sarkozy has spoken with the Syrian opposition leader, Abdulbaset Sieda, and both agreed there is a need for foreign intervention in Syria in order to stop the ongoing crisis, Reuters reports.
(Syria was a French Colony from 1918 to 1944)

16) News item - August 11, 2012: US and Turkey to consider no-fly zones forSyria - US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu are considering implementing no-fly zones for Syria after holding Saturday talks in Istanbul. According to Reuters, Clinton said that Ankara and Washington need to plan ways to assist the rebels fighting to topple President Bashar al-Assad – including possibly implementing a no-fly zone.
(Syria was part of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th through 20th centuries)

17) News item - September 6, 2012: France has embarked on providing direct financial and arms aid to insurgent-held areas of Syria and is even supplying anti-aircraft weapons to terrorists fighting Syrian Army forces.  France has vowed an extra 5 million euros ($6.25 million) to help Syrian armed groups. France is considering supplying heavy artillery to the Syrian rebels. ( On November 15, 2012, France said 'it would float giving rebels defensive weapons' but in September 2012 it was already weapening anti-Syria-government groups. It is thus clear that the French government misleads the French people. Syria was a French Colony from 1918 to 1944...)

18) News item - November 13, 2012: France became the first European power to recognize Syria's new opposition coalition as the sole representative of its people and said it would look into arming rebels against President Bashar al-Assad once they form a government.
(Syria was a French Colony from 1918 to 1944)

19) News item - November 21, 2012: UK joins France in supporting Syrian rebel coalition - British Foreign Secretary William Hague told members of parliament Tuesday that the National Coalition of the Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces was the "sole legitimate representative" of the Syrian people, calling it a "credible" alternative to al-Assad.

20) News item - November 28, 2012: NATO General-Secretary Anders Fogh Rasmussen said that NATO allies will respond positively to Turkey’s demand for Patriot missiles within “days” and that command of the system will be under NATO control.
“Russia has no right to intervene in this process. This is a NATO decision; third parties have nothing to say,” Rasmussen said about Russian objections to the deployment.
Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) leader Devlet Bahçeli echoed Kılıçdaroğlu and calling on the government to inform Parliament on the missiles. “We wonder why Prime Minister Erdoğan abruptly requested Patriot missiles from NATO. Have Syrian missiles been directed to Turkey?
(Syria was part of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th through 20th centuries. After the division of Rome into the Eastern and Western empires in the 4th century, Syria came under Byzantine rule. By the late 11th century, the Seljuk Turks had captured most of Syria)


Latest News Syria: Opposition Peaceful Change Forces


Opposition Peaceful Change Forces: Crisis Requires Special Political Solutions

Feb 19, 2013

The coalition of the opposition Peaceful Change Forces stressed that the crisis in Syria requires special political solutions.

In a statement released on Monday, the Coalition indicated to a roadmap it has set up that "serves as a subject of dialogue for a safe exit from the crisis and achieving the peaceful democratic change."

Fateh Jamous, Head of the Peaceful Change Path Movement, which is part of the coalition, said that the roadmap aims at "reaching legal and political agreement to change the structure, form and approach of the regime peacefully and gradually to a modern democratic regime through dialogue."

The roadmap suggests several steps that "could contribute to making the dialogue more rational" through ending violence, providing a TV channel for the opposition, allowing peaceful demonstrations, holding corrupted figures to account , and allowing the political and popular opposition forces to take part in these files.

The coalition called upon the "armed opposition" to unblock the roads to be put at the disposal of the Syrian army, help provide relief aid and services, stop any provocative speech regarding foreign interference and accept dialogue as the way to end the crisis.

The coalition also called for a unified opposition conference and another one for dialogue with the regime without preconditions.

The statement highlighted the coalition's stress on enhancing the role of the state and the army and confronting all forms of foreign interference, specially the stances of the Turkish government.

The Coalition includes, besides the Peaceful Change Path Movement, the Public Will Party, the Syrian Social Nationalist Party, the Third Movement for Syria, the Democratic Marxist Assembly and the National Work Movement.

M. Nassr/H. Said


News Syria: Lebanese Minister of Foreign Affairs


Lebanese FM: Crisis in Syria Necessitates Contribution of All for Solution

Feb 19, 2013

BEIRUT, (SANA) - Lebanese Minister of Foreign Affairs and Emigrants, Adnan Mansour, stressed on Tuesday that what is going on in Syria necessitates that all contribute to finding a political solution to the crisis.

Mansour clarified in a statement prior to leaving Moscow for participating in a meeting for the Russian-Arab Forum that he is going to meet with the Russian Foreign Minister, Sergei Lavrov, adding that the two sides are to tackle the current situation in the Middle East, the Arab region and particularly Syria with the aim of finding a solution to problems facing it.

The Lebanese Minister noted that the Forum is meant to lay the foundations of the prospective relations between Russia and the Arab countries.

R. Milhem / H. Said



Latest News Syria: terrorists killed or injured


The Army Targets Terrorists' Gatherings and Hideouts in Several Provinces

Feb 18, 2013

Units of the Armed Forces on Monday targeted terrorists' gatherings in Ebl, Taldao, Kafer Laha and the north of al-Bouaida al-Sharqiyah in Homs Countryside.

The operations resulted in killing and injuring many terrorists, in addition to destroying a number of machinegun-equipped vehicles.

A military source told SANA reporter that the army destroyed several terrorist hideouts along with different types of weapons, including launchers, sniper rifles and missiles.

The source noted that all terrorists inside the hideouts were killed or injured, adding that terrorists Ismael al-Khaled, Mwafaq al-Ali, Hassib al-Sagheir, Huzaifa al-Khateib and Hussam Abu al-Ezam, leader of an armed terrorist group, affiliated to Jabhat al-Nusra, were identified among the dead.

Army Units Eliminate Terrorists, Destroy Rockets Manufacturing Plant in Homs Countryside

Units of the Armed Forces carried out qualitative operations and inflicted heavy losses upon the terrorists, destroying their dens, weapons, ammunition and rockets manufacturing factory which they were used to target the citizens and their properties in al-Rastan, Talbisa, al-Kouser in Homs countryside.

An official source told SANA reporter that Army units killed scores of terrorists in al-Rastan and Talbisa countryside, Among the killed terrorists were Bakri Abdul Wahab Barrok, Yosef Ayoub, Mahmoud al-Ashtar, Ma'an Kutai'a and Osama al-sheik Ali.

The source added that other Army unit destroyed completely an armed terrorist group's den in al-Shoumaria town in al-Kouser countryside, meanwhile other Army unit pursued an armed terrorist group were perpetrating acts of terrorism in al-Khalidia village.

The source pointed out that an Army unit destroyed rockets manufacturing plant in Kafralla town along with weapons and ammunition.

Terrorists Target French Hospital and al-Ma'ouna School with Mortar Shells in Damascus

Terrorists targeted French hospital and al-Ma'ouna school in al-Kassa'a in Damascus with two mortar shells, causing material damages in the site with no casualties.

SANA reporter said that the first mortar shell fell on the French hospital and led to material damages in the hospital building, while the other shell fell on the private school of al-Ma'ouna, causing damages in the building and a number of private cars.

Army Units Inflict Heavy Losses upon Terrorists in Daryaa and al-Dyabia

Units of the Armed Forces continued their operations in Daryaa city and killed a number of snipers.

An official source told SANA reporter that among the killed terrorists were Omar who is known as "Abo Thabit" and Hassan who is known as "Abo Majid."

Meanwhile, an engineering unit dismantled 3 explosive devices which were planted around al-Saida Sakina shrine to explode them from remote.

In the same context, another Army unit killed and injured members of an armed terrorist group, destroying its den along with weapons and ammunition inside it.

Abdul Karim who is known as "Abo Lyas" and affiliated to Hitin brigade were identified among the killed terrorists.

Army Units Eliminate Terrorists in Idleb Countryside
A unit of the Armed Forces carried out a qualitative operation and targeted the terrorists' gatherings and dens on Binish- Maa'r Tomsaren road and the farms around them, inflicting heavy losses upon them.

A source in the province told SANA reporter that the operation resulted in killing and injuring several terrorists, in addition to destroying their vehicles.

R. Raslan/ R. al-Jazaeri / B.Mousa


War on Syria: Turkey's Middle East policy


The war on Syria and the Turkish dream of a neo-Ottoman Empire.

In 2012, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu declared that Turkey would be the 'owner, pioneer and servant of the post-Arab Spring Middle East'.


Short History

Syria was part of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th through 20th centuries. After the division of Rome into the Eastern and Western empires in the 4th century, Syria came under Byzantine rule. By the late 11th century, the Seljuk Turks had captured most of Syria.

In 1798–99, Napoleon I of France invaded Egypt and also briefly held parts of the Syrian coast. In 1832–33, Ibrahim Pasha, the son of Muhammad Ali of Egypt, annexed Syria to Egypt. Egypt held Syria until 1840, when the European powers (particularly Great Britain) forced its return to the Ottomans.

During World War I the British encouraged Syrian nationalists to fight against the Ottoman Empire. The ambitions of the nationalists were thwarted in the peace settlement, which gave (1920) France a League of Nations mandate over the Levant States (roughly present-day Syria and Lebanon). From this time the term Syria referred approximately to its present territorial extent. France divided Syria into three administrative districts on the pretext that political decentralization would safeguard the rights of minorities. The Arab nationalists angrily asserted that decentralization was also a means of maintaining French control by a divide-and-rule policy.

The French made some concessions after serious disturbances in 1925, which included a rebellion by the Druze and the French bombardment of Damascus. Lebanon was made a completely separate state in 1926, and after long negotiations a treaty was signed (1936) giving Syria a large measure of autonomy. Anti-French feeling continued as a result of the cession of the sanjak of Alexandretta (see Hatay) to Turkey, completed in 1939. In the same year the French suspended the Syrian constitution, and in World War II they garrisoned Syria with a large number of troops, most of whom, after the fall of France in June, 1940, declared loyalty to the Vichy government. Relations with Great Britain deteriorated, and when it was discovered that Syrian airfields had been used by German planes en route to Iraq, British and Free French forces invaded and occupied Syria in June, 1941.

The French proclaimed the creation of an independent Syrian republic in Sept., 1941, and an independent Lebanese republic in Nov., 1941. In 1943, Shukri al-Kuwatli was elected president of Syria, and on Jan. 1, 1944, the country achieved complete independence. However, the continued presence of French troops in Syria caused increasing friction and bloodshed and strained Anglo-French relations. It was not until Apr., 1946, that all foreign troops were withdrawn from the country. In 1945, Syria had become a charter member of the United Nations.


Turkey's Middle East Policy: Too Ambitious?


NATO's war against Syria: missile batteries in Turkey


All NATO Patriot batteries in Turkey operational

The final of six Patriot missile batteries deployed to Turkey was declared operational under NATO command and control on Friday, 15 February 2013.

The battery, provided by the United States, is located outside the city of Gaziantep.

Germany, the Netherlands and the United States provide two batteries each to augment Turkey’s air defences. The systems are deployed in Kahramanmaras, Adana, and Gaziantep. The first battery came online on 26 January.

In response to Turkey’s request, NATO Foreign Ministers decided on 4 December 2012 that NATO would “augment Turkey’s air defence capabilities…along the Alliance’s border.”



Abuso dei bambini: Caso Zandvoort


February 16, 2013

Caro Giovanni,

Subject: Re: dalla croce non si scende

Mi sono dimenticato di dirvi che qualche giorno fa un uomo responsabile del Ministero della Giustizia mi ha risposto finalmente (dopo un mese) ad una delle mie lettere che concerneva le minacce di morte della figlia e nipote di Marcel che sono durate 2 mesi e che sono iniziate con Victorreke.

Il Ministro degli Interni Milquet del Partito democratico-cristiano, nnon mi voleva rispondere fino a quando un commissario capo della Polizia di Herentals che è implicata in questo caso non è intervenuto ( un amico di Victorreke che non voleva far conoscere le minacce alla figlia di Marcel).
E, come io vi ho detto, c'è stato lo stesso Victorreke che ha certamente aiutato suo cugino ancora minore Dimitri all'inizio dello scorso anno per accusare Marcel e suo vicino di 'abusi sessuali' e di sporgere denuncia contro Marcel.
Come Victorreke aveva fatto nel 1998, poco dopo la rivelazione del caso Zandvoort, Dimitri andava raccontando la sua storia ad un giornalista del Nieuwsblad.
Già da quel momento Dimitri aveva inviato minacce di morte a Sanne perchè lei aveva interrotto i contatti con lui su Facebook.
La figlia di Marcel ha sporto denuncia presso la Polizia di Herentals in quel momento là ed io avevo scritto al Ministro Turtelboom che non mi ha mai risposto. 
A causa del fatto che il Ministro Milquet, che era responsabile per il buon funzionamento del servizio di polizia e per la sicurezza dei cittadini, non mi voleva rispondere, io ho scritto ieri all'ufficio del Primo Ministro Elio Di Rupo perchè era da qualche mese che lui aveva dichiarato in un comunicato di stampa che la sicurezza dei cittadini è 'il primo intento del governo belga'.
Allora e solo allora io ho avuto una risposta dell'ufficio del Primo Ministro.
Io vi farò avere le mie lettere tradotte in francese. Allora voi potrete tradurle in italiano. I genitori e la famiglia di Elio Di Rupo sono di origine italiana.
Si parla sempre del principio di separazione del potere in Belgio. Ma il capogabinetto del ministro della giustizia Turtelboom è il procuratore Jan Poels che è stato sempre un persecutore di Marcel e che ha aiutato a soffocare il caso Zandvoort ( e da cui Victorreke e la sua banda di criminali sono sempre protetti grazie alle accuse e denunce che inviano in continuazione contro Marcel).

Il capo gabinetto del ministro Milquet è il procuratore generale di Liegi, Cédric Visart di Bocarmé. Qualche anno fa quando Dutroux era stato liberato quando i magistrati erano in possesso di una cassetta video filmata dalla sua sposa dove una bambina era violentata . Lei filmava ugualmente per fare pubblicità di un nascondiglio nella cantina della coppia, dove erano state rinchiuse due bambine.All'improvviso, il dossier Dutroux, sarà sempre in istruttoria e non proseguirà mai», secondo Mr Visart de Bocarmé.


Syria is the Beating Heart of Arabism


President al-Assad: Syria Will Remain the Beating Heart of Arabism

Feb 11, 2013

President Bashar al-Assad on Monday received a delegation of Jordanian political activists, lawyers, doctors and engineers headed by Assistant secretary General of the Arab Lawyers' Union Samih Khreis.

The meeting tackled the situation in the region in general and Syria in particular, with the delegation members voicing the Jordanian people's support for the Syrian people in their current ordeal.

They affirmed that honest Arabs will not leave Syria alone in the face of the conspiracies against it, and that the Syrian blood was shed in defense of all honest Arabs and that it will write Syria's coming victory.

The delegation members said that targeting Syria isn't new or surprising since it's a country that has been bearing the burden of Arab causes for decades, lauding Syria's firm stances in adherence to Arab dignity, rights and Arab causes which put it in a position of honorable confrontation with the enemies of the nation.

For his part, President al-Assad thanked the delegation members for their national stances in support of the Syrian people, affirming that Syria will remain the beating heart of Arabism and that it will not relinquish its principles no matter how much pressure is exerted upon it and regardless of the conspiracies that not only target Syria, but also all Arabs.


Photo: Damascus,"City of Jasmine" the world's oldest inhabited city.

La libération des infirmières et du médecin bulgares retenus en Libye


Jeudi 2 août 2007
Une semaine après la libération des infirmières et du médecin bulgares retenus en Libye depuis 1999, un des acteurs clefs de ce dénouement, le fils du numéro un libyen, Saïf al-Islam Kadhafi, évoque, dans un entretien au Monde, certains dessous de cette affaire.

Qu est-ce que je pourrais bien m’acheter ? Ces éléments recouvrent deux aspects que les officiels français et européens ont préféré passer sous silence dans leurs descriptions publiques des tractations avec Tripoli : d’une part, les détails d’un accord prévoyant d’importantes fournitures d’armements par la France à la Libye ; d’autre part, le rôle joué, dans la résolution du cas des infirmières, par une décision de justice au Royaume-Uni concernant le sort d’un ancien agent libyen emprisonné depuis 2001 à Glasgow, en Écosse, pour sa responsabilité dans l’attentat de Lockerbie en 1988 (270 morts).

Ce Libyen, Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi, a été autorisé par une commission judiciaire écossaise, le 28 juin, à faire appel, pour la deuxième fois, de sa condamnation à la prison à vie. La décision a pesé pour beaucoup dans l’issue du drame des infirmières. Elle est survenue moins d’un mois après une visite à Tripoli de Tony Blair, qui effectuait là un de ses derniers voyages à l’étranger avant de quitter le 10 Downing Street.

Le fils du colonel Kadhafi affirme qu’il a bon espoir qu’Ali al-Megrahi sera renvoyé prochainement en Libye. « Nous allons bientôt avoir un accord d’extradition avec le Royaume-Uni », dit-il. « Nos gens, ajoute-t-il en parlant d’officiels libyens, étaient à Londres il y a un mois environ » pour en discuter.

« Oui », répond-il lorsqu’on l’interroge sur les rapports existant entre l’affaire al-Megrahi et celle des infirmières, « nous avons établi un lien. Nous avons aussi accepté que le dossier soit traité au niveau bilatéral, entre la Libye et le Royaume-Uni, alors qu’on demandait auparavant que cela fasse partie des discussions au niveau européen ».

Quant aux accords d’armement et de défense qui ont fait l’objet de discussions entre Paris et Tripoli, il semble y accorder un intérêt beaucoup plus vif qu’à la question de la fourniture par la France d’une centrale nucléaire à la Libye. Pareille centrale « n’est pas essentielle pour la Libye », glisse Saïf al-Islam Kadhafi d’un air détaché. « Nous avons des hydrocarbures... La décision de se doter d’une centrale nucléaire nous permettrait d’exporter de l’électricité... vers l’Italie notamment », ajoute-t-il sans s’attarder sur les possibilités de désalinisation d’eau de mer, pourtant beaucoup évoquées à Paris.

Le coeur du sujet

Le coeur du sujet, entre Paris et Tripoli, est donc l’affaire militaire. En quoi consiste-t-elle ? « D’abord, l’accord recouvre des exercices militaires conjoints, bien sûr. Puis, nous allons acheter à la France des missiles antichar Milan, à hauteur de 100 millions d’euros je pense. Ensuite, il y a un projet de manufacture d’armes, pour l’entretien et la production d’équipements militaires. Vous savez que c’est le premier accord de fourniture d’armes par un pays occidental à la Libye ? », se réjouit-il.

En 2004, l’embargo européen sur les ventes d’armements à la Libye a été levé, après les règlements intervenus avec Tripoli à propos des dédommagements des victimes des attentats de Lockerbie et de l’avion d’UTA (1989, 170 morts). La Libye avait aussi renoncé à son programme d’armes de destruction massive, à la suite de longues tractations avec Londres et Washington. « Malheureusement, depuis 2004, un embargo non dit persistait contre mon pays », commente Saïf al-Islam. « Les Allemands, surtout, étaient réticents pour des ventes d’armes. Mais avec les Français, nous avons été en négociations depuis longtemps. Nous avons demandé à Sarkozy d’accélérer les choses. Maintenant que le cas des infirmières est réglé, c’est une occasion en or qui survient. » Il ajoute avec une visible satisfaction : « Des représentants de Thalès et de Sagem sont en Libye en ce moment même. » Le fils du colonel Kadhafi indique que son père devrait se rendre en France pour signer les contrats en question. Il précise en outre que des garanties de défense ont été évoquées, selon lesquelles la France se porterait au secours de la Libye au cas où sa sécurité nationale serait menacée. Les Libyens en ont en tout cas demandé autant. « Mais je ne sais pas si cet article a été maintenu dans le document » par les négociateurs, dit-il encore.

Le fils du « Guide » s’exprime ainsi, en ce mardi 31 juillet, assis dans un hôtel de luxe de Nice, entouré d’une escouade de gardes du corps et de conseillers en relations publiques. Âgé de 35 ans, crâne rasé et sourire charmeur, il est vêtu d’une veste noire sur un pantalon blanc étincelant, assortis de tennis tout aussi blanches. L’entretien, en anglais, s’est déroulé à sa demande, car il souhaite « clarifier quelques points ». Au titre de dirigeant de la Fondation Kadhafi qui a négocié les dédommagements aux familles d’enfants libyens malades du sida, Saïf al-Islam veut en effet déclarer formellement qu’« aucun argent libyen » n’a été versé à ces familles.

D’où viennent donc les plus de 400 millions de dollars ? « Ce que je peux dire, c’est que les Français ont arrangé le coup. Les Français ont trouvé l’argent pour les familles. Mais je ne sais pas où ils l’ont trouvé. » Par le Qatar ? « Nous n’avons pas posé de questions. Nous ne voulons pas embarrasser nos amis. » Pour Saïf al-Islam, qui dit avec une grande tranquillité qu’il n’a pas cru en la culpabilité des infirmières bulgares (« Elles ont malheureusement servi de boucs émissaires ») et que, par ailleurs, les récits de tortures qu’elles ont subies en prison sont « exagérés, de la fiction, à 100 %», la Libye a obtenu dans cette affaire « un bon deal ». « C’était une histoire compliquée. Une grande pagaille. Avec beaucoup de joueurs. Il a fallu satisfaire tous les joueurs.

Le Monde, Édition du jeudi 2 août 2007


Photo: L'ancien héritier présomptif Saif al-Islam a été capturé un mois après la mort de son père, et a depuis été placé en garde dans la ville de montagne de Zintan. La London School of Economics diplômé a été au centre d'une lutte prolongée entre la Cour pénale internationale, où il est recherché pour des accusations de crimes contre l'humanité, et les tribunaux libyens, qui insistent, il doit être jugé en Libye. La justice libyenne semble avoir gagné la bataille, mais la date de son procès n'a pas encore été fixée.


Syria: Israel attack

israeli-us.jpgSyria warns of “surprise” response to Israel attack

BEIRUT/AMMAN (Reuters) – Syria warned on Thursday of a possible “surprise” response to Israel’s attack on its territory and Russia condemned the air strike as an unprovoked violation of international law.

Damascus could take “a surprise decision to respond to the aggression of the Israeli warplanes”, Syrian ambassador to Lebanon Ali Abdul-Karim Ali said a day after Israel struck against Syria.

“Syria is engaged in defending its sovereignty and its land,” Ali told a website of the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah. Syria and Israel have fought several wars and in 2007 Israeli jets bombed a suspected Syrian nuclear site, without a military response from Damascus.

Diplomats, Syrian rebels and regional security sources said on Wednesday that Israeli jets had bombed a convoy near the Lebanese border, apparently hitting weapons destined for Hezbollah. Syria denied the reports, saying the target had been a military research center northwest of Damascus.

Hezbollah, which has supported Syrian President Bashar al-Assad as he battles an armed uprising in which 60,000 people have been killed, said Israel was trying to thwart Arab military power and vowed to stand by its ally.

“Hezbollah expresses its full solidarity with Syria’s leadership, army and people,” said the group which fought an inconclusive 34-day war with Israel in 2006.

Israel has remained silent on the attack and there has been little reaction from its Western backers, but Syria’s allies in Moscow and Tehran were quick to denounce the strike.

Russia, which has blocked Western efforts to put pressure on Syria at the United Nations, said that any Israeli air strike would amount to unacceptable military interference.

“If this information is confirmed, then we are dealing with unprovoked attacks on targets on the territory of a sovereign country, which blatantly violates the U.N. Charter and is unacceptable, no matter the motives to justify it,” the Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

Iranian deputy foreign minister Hossein Amir Abdullahian said the attack “demonstrates the shared goals of terrorists and the Zionist regime”, Fars news agency reported. Assad portrays the rebels fighting him as foreign-backed, Islamist terrorists, with the same agenda as Israel.



Freedom of Information Act: History


The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) is a federal freedom of information law that allows for the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States government. The Act defines agency records subject to disclosure, outlines mandatory disclosure procedures and grants nine exemptions to the statute. It was originally signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, despite his misgivings, on July 4, 1966 as 5 U.S.C. § 552 and went into effect the following year.


The FOIA has been changed repeatedly by both the legislative and executive branches.

Enactment of Title 5

5 U.S.C. § 552 was enacted as part of Pub.L. 89–554, 80 Stat. 378, enacted September 6, 1966, which created Title 5 of the United States Code (Government Organization and Employees). 5 U.S.C. § 552(d), at 80 Stat. 383, stated:

Except as otherwise required by statute, matters of official record shall be made available, in accordance with published rule, to persons properly and directly concerned, except information held confidential for good cause found.

The Privacy Act Amendments of 1974

Following the Watergate scandal, President Gerald R. Ford wanted to sign FOIA-strengthening amendments in the Privacy Act of 1974, but concern (by his chief of staff Donald Rumsfeld and deputy Richard Cheney) about leaks and legal arguments that the bill was unconstitutional (by government lawyer Antonin Scalia, among others) persuaded Ford to veto the bill, according to documents declassified in 2004. However, Congress voted to override Ford's veto, giving the United States the core Freedom of Information Act still in effect today, with judicial review of executive secrecy claims.

These amendments to the FOIA regulate government control of documents which concern a citizen. It gives one “ the right to see records about [one]self, subject to the Privacy Act's exemptions,  the right to amend that record if it is inaccurate, irrelevant, untimely, or incomplete, and the right to sue the government for violations of the statute including permitting others to see [one’s] records unless specifically permitted by the Act.” In conjunction with the FOIA, the PA is used to further the rights of an individual gaining access to information held by the government. The Justice Department's Office of Information and Privacy and federal district courts are the two channels of appeal available to seekers of information.

The 1976 Government in the Sunshine Act amendments

In 1976, as part of the Government in the Sunshine Act, Exemption 3 of the FOIA was amended so that several exemptions were specified:

  1. Information relating to national defense,
  2. Related solely to internal personnel rules and practices,
  3. Related to accusing a person of a crime,
  4. Related to information where disclosure would constitute a breach of privacy,
  5. Related to investigatory records where the information would harm the proceedings,
  6. Related to information which would lead to financial speculation or endanger the stability of any financial institution, and
  7. Related to the agency's participation in legal proceedings.

1982 Executive Order limiting the FOIA

Between 1982 and 1995, President Reagan's Executive Order 12356 allowed federal agencies to withhold enormous amounts of information under Exemption 1 (relating to national security information), claiming it would better protect the country and strengthen national security.

The outcry from the effect that the Reagan Order had on FOIA requests was a factor in leading President Clinton to dramatically alter the criteria in 1995.

The 1986 Omnibus Anti-Drug Abuse Act amendments to the FOIA

The FOIA amendments were a small part of the bipartisan Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986. Congress amended FOIA to address the fees charged by different categories of requesters and the scope of access to law enforcement and national security records. The amendments are not referenced in the congressional reports on the Act, so the floor statements provide an indication of Congressional intent.

1995-99 expansion

Between 1995 and 1999, President Clinton issued executive directives (and amendments to the directives) that allowed the release of previously classified national security documents more than 25 years old and of historical interest, as part of the FOIA. This release of information allowed many previously publicly unknown details about the Cold War and other historical events to be discussed openly.

The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments of 1996

The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments of 1996 (E-FOIA) stated that all agencies are required by statute to make certain types of records, created by the agency on or after November 1, 1996, available electronically. Agencies must also provide electronic reading rooms for citizens to use to have access to records. Given the large volume of records and limited resources, the amendment also extended the agencies' required response time to FOIA requests. Formerly, the response time was ten days and the amendment extended it to twenty days.

2001 Executive Order limiting the FOIA

Executive Order 13233, drafted by Alberto R. Gonzales and issued by President George W. Bush on November 1, 2001, restricted access to the records of former presidents.

This order was revoked on January 21, 2009, as part of President Barack Obama's Executive Order 13489. Public access to presidential records was restored to the original extent of five years (12 for some records) outlined in the Presidential Records Act.

The Intelligence Authorization Act of 2002 amending the FOIA

In 2002, Congress passed the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003, Pub.L. 107–306. Within this omnibus legislation were amendments to the FOIA (pertaining mainly to intelligence agencies) entitled "Prohibition on Compliance with Requests for Information Submitted by Foreign Governments":

Section 552(a)(3) of title 5, United States Code, is amended—(1) in subparagraph (A) by inserting "and except as provided in subparagraph (E)," after "of this subsection,"; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

"(E) An agency, or part of an agency, that is an element of the intelligence community (as that term is defined in section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4))) shall not make any record available under this paragraph to--
"(i) any government entity, other than a State, territory, commonwealth, or district of the United States, or any subdivision thereof; or

"(ii) a representative of a government entity described in clause (i)."

In effect, this new language precluded any covered US intelligence agency from disclosing records in response to FOIA requests made by foreign governments or international governmental organizations. By its terms, it prohibits disclosure in response to requests made by such other-than-U.S. governmental entities either directly or through a "representative."   This means that for any FOIA request that by its nature appears as if it might have been made by or on behalf of a non-U.S. governmental entity, a covered agency may inquire into the particular circumstances of the requester in order to properly implement this new FOIA provision.

The agencies affected by this amendment are those that are part of, or contain "an element of," the "intelligence community." As defined in the National Security Act of 1947 (as amended), they consist of the Central Intelligence Agency, the National Security Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency, the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, the National Reconnaissance Office (and certain other reconnaissance offices within the Department of Defense), the intelligence elements of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Department of the Treasury, the Department of Energy, and the Coast Guard, the Department of Homeland Security, the Bureau of Intelligence and Research in the Department of State, and "such other elements of any other department or agency as may be designated by the President, or designated jointly by the Director of Central Intelligence and the head of the department or agency concerned, as an element of the intelligence community."

OPEN Government Act of 2007

President Bush signed the Openness Promotes Effectiveness in our National Government Act of 2007, Pub.L. 110–175, on December 31, 2007. This law, also known as the "OPEN Government Act of 2007", amended the federal FOIA statute in several ways. According to a White House press release, it does so by:

  1. establishing a definition of "a representative of the news media;"
  2. directing that required attorney fees be paid from an agency's own appropriation rather than from the Judgment Fund;
  3. prohibiting an agency from assessing certain fees if it fails to comply with FOIA deadlines; and
  4. establishing an Office of Government Information Services (OGIS) in the National Archives and Records Administration to review agency compliance with FOIA.

Changes include the following:

  • it recognizes electronic media specifically and defines "News Media" as "any person or entity that gathers information of potential interest to a segment of the public, uses its editorial skills to turn the raw materials into a distinct work, and distributes that work to an audience."
  • it extends the 20 day deadline by allowing for up to 10 days between the FOIA office of the agency and the component of the agency holding the records and specifically allows for clarification of requests by the FOIA office (Effective 12/31/2007).
  • it calls for each agency to designate a FOIA Public Liaison, "who shall assist in the resolution of any disputes" (Effective 12/31/2008).
  • it requires agencies to assign tracking numbers to FOIA requests that take longer than 10 days, and to provide systems determining the status of a request.
  • it codifies and defines annual reporting requirements for each agency's FOIA program.
  • it specifically addresses data sources used to generate reports; "shall make the raw statistical data used in its reports available electronically..."
  • it redefines the definition of an agency "record" to include information held for an agency by a government contractor.
  • it requires agencies to make recommendations personnel matters related to FOIA such as whether FOIA performance should be used as a merit factor.
  • it requires agencies to specify the specific exemption for each deletion or redaction in disclosed documents.

2009 Executive Order permitting retroactive classification

On December 29, 2009, President Barack Obama issued Executive Order 13526, which allows the government to classify certain specific types of information relevant to national security after it has been requested. That is, a request for information that meets the criteria for availability under FOIA can still be denied if the government determines that the information should have been classified, and unavailable. It also sets a timeline for automatic declassification of old information that is not specifically identified as requiring continued secrecy.

2010 repeal of FOIA amendments in Wall Street reform act

The Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, signed into law in July 2010, included provisions in section 929I  that shielded the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) from requests under the Freedom of Information Act. The provisions were initially motivated out of concern that the FOIA would hinder SEC investigations that involved trade secrets of financial companies, including "watch lists" they gathered about other companies, trading records of investment managers, and "trading algorithms" used by investment firms.

In September 2010, the 111th Congress passed an act repealing those provisions. The act was introduced in the Senate on August 5, 2010 as S.3717 and given the name "A bill to amend the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Investment Company Act of 1940, and the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 to provide for certain disclosures under section 552 of title 5, United States Code, (commonly referred to as the Freedom of Information Act), and for other purposes."