05/11/2012

China: model of a new type of relations

Chinese-Premier-Wen-Jiaba-Africa.jpgJiefang Daily

November 4, 2012

Should China abandon non-alignment?
Wang Yusheng

The Non-Aligned Movement was born out of the period of the Cold War and U.S.-Soviet striving for hegemony when the most representative alliances were the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and Warsaw Treaty Organization, followed by the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty. China has always been an observer and supporter of the Non-Aligned Movement all the way.

After the Cold War, the Warsaw Treaty Organization disintegrated and NATO also lost reason for existing, but the United States and some NATO countries did not abandon the Cold War mentality.

The United States has been pursuing the policy of expanding eastward and westward, pushing the border of NATO to the “doorway” of Russia, and enlarging the influence of the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty to contain China.

Under the circumstances, Chinese experts and scholars think that China is “being beset” and should consider allying to gain initiatives.

The United States is unpopular for its pursuit of alliances, and if China also engages in an alliance to contend with the United States, Japan or NATO, a global destructive “new Cold War” will take shape.

Non-alignment does not mean not deepening cooperation or that China has the same breadth and depth to cooperate with all countries.

Taking the relations between China and the United States as an example, China does not approve of the Group of Two (G2) and advocates the establishment of a new type of relations between great powers and mutual respect for each other’s core interests and major concerns. However, the United States has been hedging its bets on China.

Over the past 10 years, the strategic partnership between China and Russia has actually become the model of the new type of relations between great powers after the Cold War, and both sides oppose alignment and unnecessary confrontation.

Though the members of Shanghai Cooperation Organization advocate non-alignment, non-confrontation and not targeting any third country, they have close cooperation and mutual support on fighting against “terrorism, national secessionism and religious extremism.” Therefore, the answers to questions of what alignment means, who China should ally with and who wants to ally with China are obvious.

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