Magnum Photo: SYRIA. Damascus. Union between Syria and Egypt. Portrait of President of Egypt Gamal Abdel NASSER. 1958.
Gamal Abdel Nasser led the 1952 Egyptian revolution that overthrew the corrupt and ineffective monarchy of King Farouk. Nasser was born into a working-class family in Asyut province. His father was a postal clerk. Nasser graduated from the Royal Military Academy in Cairo and served in the Sudan. He fought in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War at Falluja, where Egyptian forces held out against Israel until the war's end. After the 1948 war, Nasser and other junior officers blamed King Farouk for the war's substandard weaponry and lack of military strategy.
Nasser was one of the founders of the secret Free Officers group that was determined to oust Farouk and set Egypt on a different path. Although the older and better-known Brigadier-General Muhammad Naguib was put forward to the public as the head of the officers' group, Nasser was in fact the acknowledged leader. He was known for carefully listening to all viewpoints and then making decisions. On July 22, 1952, the Free Officers overthrew the monarchy in a practically bloodless coup d'état. A Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) was established with Naguib as its head. Nasser and Naguib clashed over whether to keep a parliamentary system or to establish a one-party state with populist support, a course Nasser favored. The majority of the officers favored Nasser, and a single party, the Liberation Rally, was established in 1953. After a failed assassination attempt on Nasser in 1954, the Muslim Brotherhood, with whom Naguib had close ties, was banned, and Naguib was removed from power. A new constitution was implemented in 1956 and Nasser was elected president by a huge majority of Egyptian voters. He was twice reelected to the position. A highly charismatic figure and a brilliant speaker in colloquial Arabic, Nasser was extremely popular with the majority of Egyptians and among average Arabs everywhere.
Not an ideologue, Nasser was a pragmatic political leader who sought to develop Egypt economically and socially. He moved toward socialism and the Soviet Union after his requests for military aid had been rebuffed by the United States. His regime jailed members of both the Egyptian Communist Party and the Muslim Brotherhood on the right.
After attending the Bandung Conference in 1955, Nasser joined with Jawaharlal Nehru of India and Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia in championing positive neutralism, in which Third World nations would not forge solid alliances with either the United States or the Soviet Union in the cold war but would instead act in their own best interests. Neither of the superpowers liked this approach, but the United States was particularly hostile to it. Steering a neutral course, Nasser opposed the Western-led CENTO/Baghdad Pact and opposed Arab regimes such as the Hashemite monarchies in Iraq and Jordan and the conservative, extremely pro-Western Saudi Arabian monarchy.
Nasser also spoke of Egypt belonging to three circles: the Arab, African, and Islamic worlds. Under Nasser, Egypt became a center for African and Arab political leaders and students. Although he was personally a devout Muslim, Nasser was committed to secular government and persecuted Islamists, particularly the Muslim Brotherhood, which sought to establish a state based on Muslim religious law and practice.
Like all Arab leaders, Nasser supported the Palestinian cause and their right to self-determination. He permitted some fedayeen (self-sacrificers) guerrilla attacks from the Egyptian-administered Gaza Strip in Israel, but he also recognized the superiority of Israel's military. Consequently he initially sought, through back channels, to negotiate settlements to the conflict with Israel. Israel insisted on face-to-face negotiations, and the attempts all failed.
In 1956 after the United States had refused to grant aid for building the Aswān Dam, Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal. The nationalization led to the 1956 Arab-Israeli War, in which Great Britain, France, and Israel jointly attacked Egypt. The war was a military loss for Egypt but a political victory after which Nasser became indisputably the most popular man in the entire Arab world.
Conservative pro-Western monarchies: Jordan and Saudi Arabia
During the so-called Arab cold war Nasser's influence dominated the liberal, progressive, and socialist governments in Syria and elsewhere, versus the conservative pro-Western monarchies, including Jordan and Saudi Arabia. In 1957, relations with King Saud from Saudi Arabia became antagonistic as the latter began to fear that Nasser's increasing popularity in Saudi Arabia was a genuine threat to the royal family's survival. Despite opposition from the governments of Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Lebanon, Nasser maintained his prestige among their citizens and those of other Arab countries. With the formation of the United Arab Republic of Egypt and Syria in 1958, Nasser perhaps reached the peak of his popularity.
Following the devastating military losses in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, Nasser accepted responsibility and resigned. Massive and generally spontaneous public demonstrations calling for his return led him to resume the Egyptian presidency, but he never regained the unquestioning support throughout the Arab world that he had previously enjoyed.
In 1970 Nasser was called upon to mediate a truce between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and King Hussein of Jordan in the bloody war between the two. Shortly thereafter he suffered a massive heart attack, in part brought on by the tensions of the negotiation, and died in late September. Although Nasser was mistrusted and opposed in most of the West and Israel, millions of mourning Egyptians joined his funeral cortege. The legacy of Nasserism, secular pan-Arab nationalism, and state-directed socialism, spread throughout most of the Arab world during Nasser's lifetime, but declined and, except in Lebanon, largely diminished after his death.
July 17, 2012 – USA and Al Qaeda: Holy Alliance:
June 25, 2013 – Saudi Arabia: ‘Syrian rebels must be armed’:
November 7, 2013 – Syria: Saudi Arabia to spend millions to train new rebel force:
June 20, 2013 - 'Syrian Rebels: We've Received Heavy Weapons from Saudis':
The first delivery of heavy weapons has arrived on Syria’s front lines following President Barack Obama’s decision to put Western military might behind the official opposition, rebels told the British Daily Telegraph. More have now arrived, confirming reports that the White House has lifted an unofficial embargo on its Gulf allies sending heavy weapons to the rebels. “We now have supplies from Saudi Arabia,” a rebel source said. “We have been told more weapons are on their way, even higher-end missiles.” European Union foreign ministers agreed at the end of May to lift an arms embargo in order to supply weapons to Syrian rebels, but British Foreign Secretary William Hague said at the time that "no immediate decision" would be made on sending arms to the rebels. "Terrorists will return to Europe with fighting experience and extremist ideologies," President Assad told the German newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.
November 7, 2013- Saudi Arabia to spend millions to train new rebel force - Syrian, Arab and western sources say the intensifying Saudi effort is focused on Jaysh al-Islam (the Army of Islam or JAI), created in late September by a union of 43 Syrian groups. Diplomats and experts warned that there are serious doubts about its prospects as well as fears of "blowback" by extremists returning from Syria. The Saudi intelligence chief, Prince Bandar bin Sultan, is also pressing the US to drop its objections to supplying anti-aircraft and anti-tank missiles to the JAI. Jordan is being urged to allow its territory to be used as a supply route into neighbouring Syria. (The Guardian)
November 10, 2013 - 'The CIA is Leading Massive Arms Deliveries to Rebels in Syria, Saudi Arabia is Training Terrorists':
France deploys troops to Syria-Jordan border:
CIA commandos, US special forces entered Syria: Report:
Report: Israeli, US, Jordanian Commandos Operating in Syria:
Turkey Has Let Foreign Supported Terrorists from 83 Countries Enter Syria to Topple Government:
US Weapons Deliveries to “Terrorists in Syria” a Systematic Violation of the Convention against the Use of Mercenaries:
Former Belgian Prime Minister and President of the European Liberal Democrats Guy Verhofstadt: “The time for peace talks in Syria is over, we need action now. If the UN doesn’t react, then NATO should”.
Syria sends letter to UN about foreign arms supplies to Terrorists:
Bureau of Industry and Security
U.S. Department of Commerce
1980s. Carlos Cardoen, arms dealer to Iraq and former friend of the U.S. government, meets with Iraqi Leader Saddam Hussein.
American intelligence knew that Iraqi commanders would employ chemical weapons
June 17, 2004 – ‘How Reagan Armed Saddam with Chemical Weapons’
On August 18, 2002, the New York Times carried a front-page story headlined, “Officers say U.S. aided Iraq despite the use of gas”. Quoting anonymous US “senior military officers”, the NYT “revealed” that in the 1980s, the administration of US President Ronald Reagan covertly provided “critical battle planning assistance at a time when American intelligence knew that Iraqi commanders would employ chemical weapons in waging the decisive battles of the Iran-Iraq war”. The story made a brief splash in the international media, then died.
October 29, 2012 - For the fourth consecutive day, the armed terrorist groups in Deir Ezzor continued violating the declaration on suspending military operations which the Armed Forces have committed to.
An official source told SANA that terrorist groups on Monday committed acts of aggression and sabotage in al-Shheil area in the countryside of the province.
The source said the Armed Forces repelled the terrorists inflicting heavy losses upon them and destroying their cars.
Armed Forces Respond to Armed Terrorist Groups' Violations of Ceasefire in Damascus Countryside
In Harasta city in Damascus Countryside, a unit of the Armed Forces confronted a terrorist group which was perpetrating acts of sabotage near al-Hassan Mosque and al-Thanawiya Square, leading to eliminating a number of terrorists and seizing their weapons.
An official source told SANA reporter that a field hospital was found near the mosque with a huge quantity of medical drugs and equipment.
The source added that a unit of the Armed Forces responded to an armed terrorist group that attacked citizens and law-enforcement forces in Irbeen town in Damascus countryside and eliminated a number of terrorists.
Another unit of the Armed Forces eliminated a group of armed terrorists who attacked law-enforcement forces and sabotaged public and private properties in Zamalka town.
Terrorist Groups Attack Army and Security Checkpoints in Homs
In similar violations, an armed terrorist group opened fire at a number of army and law-enforcement checkpoints in al-Za'faraneh district in the countryside of Homs.
The Armed Forces repelled the attack inflicting heavy losses upon the terrorist group's members.
Another terrorist group opened fire at army checkpoints in Bab Hood neighborhood in the city of Homs. The group was confronted by the army units and had a number of its members killed while others were injured.
Photo: American poor desperately waiting for a regime change in the U.S.
On June 29, 2011, an American study has revealed that the cost of U.S. military action in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan will run to at least $3.7trillion.
In human terms, at least 224,000 to 258,000 people have died directly from American warfare. Many more have died indirectly, from the loss of clean drinking water, health care and nutrition. Another 365,000 have been wounded and at least 7.8 million have been displaced.
Social network of the richest of the earth: a group of the wealthiest Americans including Obama and the 26-year-old Zuckerberg, who is worth an estimated 13,5 billion dollars...
'President Obama made his 2012 campaign pitch at Facebook headquarters on Wednesday in the first ever live "town hall" meeting broadcast over the social network'
In an attempt to re-ignite the youth energy of his 2008 campaign, President Obama launched the first ever live town-hall-style meeting at Facebook headquarters in Palo Alto, California, on Wednesday.
Broadcast live to the social network’s more than 500 million users, the Q&A session included questions from the live audience as well as those submitted through the event’s Facebook page. Questions were moderated by Facebook co-founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg, who joined the president on stage wearing uncharacteristically dressy attire.
“Thank you so much, Facebook, for hosting, first of all, ” said Obama as he introduced himself to the crowd. “My name is Barack Obama, and I’m the first guy to get Mark Zuckerberg to wear a jacket and tie.”
During the meeting, President Obama touched on a wide variety of issues sure to play a major role throughout the 2012 campaign, including the ballooning national debt, the federal budget, health care, and the housing market.
While detailing his plan to reduce the deficit, which is expected to hit $1.4 trillion this fiscal year, the president promoted his strategy of spending cuts and increased taxes on the wealthiest Americans, a group that includes both the president himself and 26-year-old Zuckerberg, who is worth an estimated 13,5 billion dollars.
“I’m cool with that,” said Zuckerberg in response to the plan.
Zuckerberg, who recently donated $100 million to the Newark, New Jersey, school system, praised Obama’s education reform efforts. “I think the Race to the Top stuff that you guys have done is one of the most under-appreciated and most important things that your administration has done,” Zuckerberg said.
Obama turned the conversation to the importance of quality math and science education, a topic popular with the Silicon Valley crowd.
“I always hear stories about how we can’t find engineers, and that’s why we’re emphasizing math and science … We want to start making Science cool,” Obama said. “I want people to feel about the next big energy breakthrough and the next big Internet breakthrough the same way they felt about the moonwalk.”
“We’ve got to lift our game up when it comes to science, math and technology,” Obama continued. “That’s hopefully greatest legacy I can have as President of the United States.”
The president also backed the idea that America allow highly skilled immigrants to contribute to America’s technology industry.
“If we’ve got smart people who want to come here and start businesses and are PhDs in math and science and computer science, why don’t we want them to stay? They are job generators,” Obama said to a round of applause. “I think about somebody like an Andy Grove of Intel,” the president continued. “We want more Andy Groves here in the United States. We don’t want them starting companies — we don’t want them starting Intel in China or starting it in France. We want them starting it here.”
To conclude, Obama made his plea to the young crowd that made up the audience, both at Facebook headquarters, and those watching at home, to stay engaged in the politics of the country.
“If you put the same energy and imagination that you put into Facebook into the political process, I guarantee you there’s nothing we can’t solve,” Obama said.
At the end of the event, Zuckerberg made his own stylistic contribution as he presented President Obama with his signature duds, a Facebook hoodie.
'Group of Arab States call on UNSC to take action against Israel'
The Group of Arab States in the United Nations has called on the UN Security Council (UNSC) to act on Israel’s violation of human rights against the Palestinian people.
"The Arab Group deplores the continuous Israeli violations against the Palestinian population in the occupied Palestinian territory, including the blockade, aerial bombardments and extrajudicial killings,” said a Monday statement read out by the Egyptian permanent representative to the United Nations Mootaz Ahmadein Khalil.
Addressing the UNSC in an open meeting on the latest developments in the Middle East, particularly the issue of Palestine, Khalil reiterated that the aggressions against the people of Palestine by Israeli settlers has “reached unprecedented levels.”
Israeli settlers, mostly armed, regularly attack Palestinian villages and farms and set fire to their mosques, olive groves and other properties in the occupied West Bank under the so-called “price tag” policy. However, the Tel Aviv regime rarely detains the assailants.
"The desecration of Christian and Muslim shrines in the occupied territories including the recent 'price tag' attacks against churches and the storming of al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem this month, deserve special attention,” Khalil said.
“The recent threats to launch a full military operation against Gaza are additional reminders about the intentions of the occupying power," he added.
More than half a million Israelis live in over 120 illegal settlements built since the 1967 Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and East al-Quds (Jerusalem).
The Israeli settlements are considered illegal by the UN and most countries because those territories were captured by Israel in a war in 1967, and are hence seen as being subject to the Geneva Conventions, which forbids construction on occupied lands.
Note: The US. government made a deal with Israel. That's why all the UN-resolutions critical of Israel, are blocked...
It wasn’t until the election of 2000, and the ascension of George W. Bush, representing international organized crime and promising war and financial collapse with the profits to those who saw him “appointed” to office that America got its “moron.”
Years ago, there was some free press; in America it was men like Edward R. Murrow, Walter Cronkite and Dan Rather. We watched the last of this group, Rather, be systematically destroyed by the Bush family in order to protect a handful of family secrets.
The American press has been silenced and that silencing has not just continued but expanded to armies of operatives dominating internet websites, endless millions of emails, social networks, search engines, cleansing the internet of unpleasant facts, scouring our consciousness of freedom of thought...
Gordon Duff, Marine Vietnam veteran